THE TOMB OF RAMBAN BIAQ MYTHOLOGY IN RAMBAN BIAQ VILLAGE, EAST LOMBOK

Badarudin Badarudin, Abdul Hafiz, Abdul Rasyad, Salman Alfarisi, Rizkah Rizkah

Abstract


This study focused on examining mythology and history of tomb for a person who was considered sacred by the society. The sacred tomb is the place where person factually buried or the last location seen by others according to the local people beliefs of a past figure based on the relationships of ancestral, great name, extraordinary advantages, historical traces, his services, and values and traditions inherited by the figure which is believed by the most people to grant the wishes. The sacred tomb is the tomb of a figure in the past such as wali Allah, king, and so on. The purpose of this study was to know the history of the tomb of Ramban Biaq in East Lombok, to understand the people perception of the tomb of Ramban Biaq, to know the factors influencing people to make a pilgrimage to the tomb of Ramban Biaq, and to understand the procedures of pilgrimage to the tomb of Ramban Biaq. This study used a qualitative method with a phenomenological approach. Data were collected by observation, interviews, and literature study. The result study explained that the person who was featured in the mythology of the tomb of Ramban Biaq did not die, but still alive and lived in another world. The other myth was that this tomb can grant a pray to God.

 


Keywords


culture, tomb, mythology.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Agung, Leo. (2014). Tradisi Lisan Sebagai Sejarah, Redifinisi Pembelajaran dalam Kurikulum 2013. Seminar Nasional Redifini Pembelajarn IPS/Sejarah Pada Pendidikan Dasar dan Menengah. Surakarta: Universitas Sebelas Maret.

Ahmad Amir Aziz. (2004). Kekeramatan Makam (Studi Kepercayaan Masyarakat terhadap Kekeramatan Makam-makam Kuno di Lombok). Jurnal Penelitian Keislaman, 1(1), 59-77.

Armini, I. G. A., & Ayu, G. (2016). Tradisi Ziarah dan Berkaul Pada Makam Keramat di Lombok Nusa Tenggara Barat. Jurnal Penelitian Sejarah Dan Nilai Tradisional, 23, 81-100.

Bahwan, 2019. Konstruksi Sosial dalam Tradisi Keagamaan (Analisis Tentang Praktik Ziarah Makam Keramat di Lombok). Tesis. Jakarta: UIN Syarif Hidayatullah.

Creswell, John W. (1994). Research Design: Qualitative & Quantitative Aproach. Thousand Oaks, London, New Delhi: Sage.

Daeng, Hans J. (2008). Manusia, Kebudayaan dan Lingkungan. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar Offset.

Depdikbud, (1997). Ensiklopeedi Islam 3. Jakarta: PT. Ikhtiar Baru Vanhove.

Dister, Niko Syukur. (1988). Filsafat Kebebasan. Yogyakatra: Kanisius.

Giddens, Anthony. (1991). Sociology. Cambridge, UK: Polity Press.

Gendro Keling. (2019). Makam Kuno di Situs Anggareksa, Lombok Timur: Bukti Pengaruh Awal Islam di Lombok, Siddhayatra: Jurnal Arkeologi, 24(2).

Husserl, Edmund. (2013). The Idea of Phenomenology: A Translation of Die Idee Der Phanomenologie Husserliana II (Springer Science & Business Media).

Kaplan, David dan Manners, A Robert. (2002). Teori Budaya. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Koentjaraningrat. (1998). Manusia dan Kebudayaan di Indonesia. Jakarta: Djambatan.

Latif, Abdul Juraid. (2006). Manusia Filsafat dan Sejarah. Jakarta: Bumi Aksara.

Linton, Ralph. (1936). The Study of Man. New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts, Inc.

Moleong, L. J. (2004). Metodologi Penelitian Kualitatif. Edisi Revisi. Bandung: Remaja Rosda Karya.

Monografi Desa Ramban Biaq Tahun 2020.

Nawawi, Hadari. (2007). Metode Penelitian Bidang Sosial. Yogyakarta: Gadjah Mada University Press.

Poerwadarminta W. J. S. (2003). Kamus Umum Bahasa Indonesia. Jakarta: Balai Pustaka.

Profil Desa Ramban Biaq Tahun 2020.

Rohimi, R. (2019). Historis Dan Ritualisme Tradisi Ziarah Makam Keleang Di Dusun Kelambi Desa Pandan Indah: Studi Terhadap Pendekatan Antropologi. Socia: Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Sosial, 16(2), 161-171.

Sartini, (2016). Mitos: Eksplorasi Definisi dan Fungsinya dalam Kebudayaan. Laporan Penelitian. Yogyakarta: Fakultas Filsafat UGM.

Soekanto, Soerjono. (1987). Masyarakat dan Kekuasaan. Jakarta: Rajawali.

Suprayogo Imam, (2011). Metode Penelitian Sosial-Agama, Bandung: Remaja Rosda Karya.

Syahdan, S. (2017). Ziarah Perspektif Kajian Budaya (Studi Pada Situs Makam Mbah Priuk Jakarta Utara). Jurnal Studi Agama dan Masyarakat, 13(1), 65-99.

Tylor, E.B. (1871). Primitive Culture. Vol. 1 & Vol. 2. London: John Murray.

Vansina, Jan., dkk. (2014). Tradisi Lisan Sebagai Sejarah. Yogyakarta: Ombak.

Wawancara dengan H. Masykuri, 10 Desember 2020.

Wawancara, Amaq Khazmi, 15 Desember 2020.

Wawancara, Amaq Lia, 3 Desember 2020.

Wawancara, Amaq Nurhasanah, 7 Desember 2020.

Wawancara, Amaq Ripdah, 5 Desember 2020.

Wawancara, Lalu Marhap, 7 Desember 2020.

Wawancara, Mangku Makam Ramban Biaq, 2 Desember 2020.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.36869/wjsb.v12i2.200

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.